Mobility & Security

As I mentioned in a previous post, although there are many organizational benefits to mobile technology, there are also risks. It is nearly impossible to read the newspaper (on paper or online) and not stumble across an article about data security. Organizations continue to grapple with not only an increase in the quantity of cyber attacks, but also an increase in the sophistication, as was pointed out in this recent post on DefenseSystems. When we think about the risks associated with data privacy, directed attacks are only on piece of the pie, there are also data leaks. Data leaks can result from even the best intentioned of employees if they aren’t aware of the risks.  Leaders of organizations with mobile people and mobile devices need to put in place plans to protect themselves from these risks.

Mobile People

Now as the office walls come down and telecommuting goes up, we find more of our employees working from here, there and everywhere.  Increased flexibility, productivity and cost efficiency are proving why a mobile workforce can be a good thing. No longer tethered to their desktops, employees can better serve clients and balance their personal needs. But when you have an employee working from an airport, a coffee shop or a hotel restaurant, you increase the likelihood that they are not the only ones checking out their work. We assume everyone around us is a stranger, with no interest in our work, but that’s not always true. Calls can be listened to, documents can be read (over shoulders no less over unsecured networks) – and all of this can be done simply because employees are not in the office.

Does this mean we should force all of our employees to work from the office or be constantly looking at those around us with suspicion? No. We need to be aware of the reality, not so we can sink in paranoia, but so that we can prepare.  For example, these simple tactics from Ehow such as privacy screens can deter peering eyes.

Mobile Devices

And mobile people are truly only mobilized because of mobile devices – smaller, more efficient technology that laughs at the days when cell phones were bricks with antennas and computers barely fit in rooms, nevermind cubicles. While organizations may have more control over their issued laptops and phones, personal devices are open season to data hunters. Unsecured connections and applications, along with the relative ease of nabbing someone’s cell phone are good enough reasons that we should be thinking about protecting our data.  While technical filters, such as data encryption and password protection are important, leaders need to take it a step further and institute data and device policies.

In addition to those filters, organizations should establish “a use-policy for mobile devices that takes advantage of their built-in security features and adds to those the best practices recommended by data security professionals.  Examples include enabling “remote wipe” capabilities, so users can remove all data from lost devices; using strong passwords and changing them regularly; and installing and updating anti-spyware applications” said Gadi Ben Yehuda of the Center for the Business of Government in his recent blog post, Smart Policies for Smart Phones.

“Education is the most powerful weapon”*

As Gadi concluded in his blog post, so will I: Education is the most important thing your organization can do. Educate your employees on the real risks associated with mobile technology. Chances are your employees aren’t aware of the fact that data that can be taken off of their smart phones from applications or how little information is needed to piece together a complete story with Snapshot technology. Let your employees know how they can protect both their personal data and the organization’s, starting with simple changes like password protecting their phones. And don’t forget to mention the point of it all, when data is leaked, the risk isn’t simply to numbers and products, but to real people and their personal information, something we should all be invested in protecting.

*A portion of a quote by Nelson Mandela

What I’m reading now: Q&A on Leadership

Leadership is a walk in the dark. Leaders are expected to chart a course into the future and get people there. History can provide partial lessons, but an indispensable quality is to be able to figure out what the right decision is for the time. You can plan, budget, and follow procedure and protocol, but where the leader earns his or her paycheck is in new territory. Ultimately, that takes imagination.

Leading in a Mobile World – Insights from the TweetChat

Last week, I hosted a TweetChat on the topic of leading in a mobile world, which focused on the impact of mobile technology on the workforce. The chat was joined by Tom Suder, President of Mobilegov and Industry Chair of the ACT/IAC Advanced Mobility Working Group, Gadi Ben Yehuda, Social Media Director of the IBM Center for the Business of Government, Adam Jelic, Leader of IBM Public Sector Workforce Transformation Solutions, and Strategy and Innovation Consultant, Ken Stockman, among others.

Of course, no conversation about mobile technology and the workforce is complete without discussing the changes to the definition of the workplace. As this infographic puts it, “Mobile technology has broken down the office walls.” Indeed, it has enabled workers to work from home, from Starbucks, from their client’s office, and where have you, but has this move been for the better?

In many ways, government has been leading the move to telework. Agencies have had telework and flexible schedule policies for years. While the full impact of these policies is still to be seen, there are some benefits we can see already. “I think that [mobile government] has [the] biggest potential to increase capability and reduce costs,” wrote Tom Suder. Ken Stockman elaborated adding that the combination of mobile technology and mashups has enhanced the usefulness of big data. There certainly are opportunities for increased cost savings and “Collective Intelligence,” but how has this “wall-less” office affected our employees?

A recent Harvard Business Review blog stated that, in fact, remote workers tend to be more engaged than those working in the office. Those of us in the tweetchat tossed around this theory, especially whether or not proximity breeds complacency, and I am sure others could debate this at length as well. But I think Adam Jelic put it best in writing, “Strictly mobile or strictly office breeds complacency. Creativity comes from working where you need to.”

We, as leaders, should remember that the workforce is made up of individuals who all have different work styles and needs. And to get the most from our employees, we should focus on providing ample opportunities for success – whether that is from mobile technology, crowd sourcing, or even good, old fashion face to face meetings. Ultimately, mobile technology, and all the benefits it brings with it, is a tool we must learn to leverage in a way that is meaningful to our organizations.

A final note: This opportunity to reduce costs while increasing efficiencies and collaboration does not come free of charge, and we would be remiss to deny the security challenges facing a mobile workforce – but more on that to come.